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- 31. UNIFESP 2009FIFTY YEARS OF BOSSA NOVA (...) In Rio de Janeiro today, Bossa Nova has been supplanted by other genres, notably other samba variations and US-style hip-hop or rock. But, it can still be heard, a persistent note characterizing Brazil’s iconically beautiful seaside city. “Today, there are a lot more albums than 40 years ago. It (Bossa Nova) is not at the top of the charts, but it is still a style picked up by people of all ages,” said Ruy Castro, an author of several books on music. Lyra, the singer and composer who appeared in Carnegie Hall 46 years ago, was less generous. “If somebody asks me today where they can hear Bossa Nova in Rio, I say ‘nowhere’. The music is more popular in Japan and Europe than in Brazil,” he said. (http://music.ndtv.com/story. August 17, 2008. Adaptado.) No trecho do último parágrafo — But, it can still be heard, a persistent note characterizing Brazil’s iconically beautiful seaside city. —, a palavra but pode ser substituída, sem alterar o sentido, por
- 32. UNIFESP 2009ANOTHER REASON TO CHOOSE A MATE WISELY By Nicholas Bakalar Happily married people tend to have lower blood pressure than their single peers, but being single may be healthier than being unhappily married, a new study suggests. The study, published on March 20 in The Annals of Behavioral Medicine, sampled 303 generally healthy men and women, 204 married and 99 single. Each responded to questions about marital quality, social support and mental health. Scales were used to rate stress and life satisfaction. (...) People whose blood pressure does not dip during sleep are at higher risk for cardiovascular disease, according to Julianne HoltLunstad, the lead author and an assistant professor of psychology at Brigham Young University. On average, the unhappily married had higher daytime and 24-hour blood pressure readings than single people. Having a wide social network had no effect on the trends for either married or single people. But marital satisfaction was significantly associated with satisfaction with life, lower stress, less depression and lower waking blood pressure. “Just being married per se isn’t helpful,’’ Dr. Holt-Lunstad said, “because you can potentially be worse off in an unhappy marriage. So, choose wisely.’’ (http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage. April 1, 2008. Adaptado.) In the excerpt of the last paragraph — So, choose wisely. — the word so can be replaced, without changing its meaning, for
- 33. FATEC 2007Keep your kisses short in Tangerang JAKARTA (Reuters) – Unrelated people who kiss each other on the lips for more than five minutes at public places in the Indonesian city of Tangerang will face arrest, local media said Friday. The government in Tangerang, a suburb west of Jakarta, defended the regulation as a practical guideline for its officers to follow up on tough and heavily criticized anti-prostitution laws passed by the city council last year. “Please do not dramatize this. We will not arrest people at will as we are not oppressors,” Ahmad Lutfi, head of the city’s public order department, told the Koran Tempo newspaper. Nesse contexto, a conjunção “as” pode ser substituída, sem prejuízo de sentido, por
- 34. FATEC 2011CHINA’S NEW SEX SYMBOLS BY ISAAC STONE FISH ASIA IN THE CATEGORY of the world’s sexiest politicians, China’s dour communist apparatchiks1 would seem to be far behind America’s legendary ladies’ men presidents and Europe’s bunga-bunga leaders. But a survey released in December by the All-China Women’s Federation found that a Middle Kingdom mandarin is the top pick for an ideal partner among Chinese women. (...) There’s also the growing reputation of Chinese government officials as a particularly virile lot. China’s state-owned press often titillates readers with tales of bureaucratic sex scandals: in one major story last year, a provincial tobacco-bureau chief’s diary was leaked online, with page after page of prurient details about his trysts2 with young beauties (including fellow government employees). The public’s reaction as generally sympathetic to the cad. One prominent blogger maintained the bureau chief was a good official because he managed to spend some time with his wife despite the womanizing, took less than $10,000 in bribes, and didn’t visit prostitutes. In other words, a real catch. In a survey on the blogger’s site, almost all the more than 100,000 respondents thought the official should keep his job. That’s sex appeal – and popular appeal. apparatchiks1: burocratas do partido comunista chinês trysts2: encontros secretos No último parágrafo do texto, a preposição despite empregada em − despite the womanizing − pode ser substituída por
- 35. UFABC 2007Police crack down on drug traffic RIO DE JANEIRO, June 2, 2007 (UPI) – Brazilian authorities arrested six major drug traffickers Friday ahead of an alleged planned attack against a rival gang in a Rio de Janeiro slum. Numerous weapons were seized in the police crackdown on the house where the traffickers were supposedly planning their assault, Agencia Estado reported Friday. Rio’s slums, known locally as “favelas,” have been the scene of increased drug-related violence in the past year, prompting city officials to request additional assistance from the federal government. (www.upi.com/NewsTrack/Top_News/2007/06/02/brazil_police_crack_down_on_drug_traffic/6147/) No trecho destacado do texto a expressão ahead of pode ser substituída, sem mudar o sentido, por
- 36. UEG 2005TEXTO 3 A DECISION FOR 2010 On which side of the counter will you be in June 2010? In an aquarium or in the ocean? People are scared by this proposition. They think it’s either too late, or too early, to make such a serious decision. The fact is that people have become unaccustomed to dreaming. They have lost the courage to place themselves in the future and, from there, look at the present. They still don’t understand the need to manage the present, with an eye on the future. Worse yet: their thinking is always based on a projection from the past. Most spend about 90% of the time remembering from where they came, 9% justifying where they are, and only 1% thinking about where they want to be. Well, let’s turn this pyramid upside down. It’s not important where you came from, or where you are, but where you want to be! Those who keep their eyes on the past are unable to move toward the ocean that awaits them, where they can swim with big strokes. They get comfortable, surround themselves with envious and pessimistic people, quash any initiative taken by one of their children, a student, or a subordinate to find the way to the ocean. They create rituals and rules in the aquarium, as though it were the size of the world. It’s not! What is this aquarium that holds most people prisoner? It may be a company, a position, or a manipulative boss. It could be a love relationship, a poorly drawn contract, or a credit card that holds us hostage to our debts. It could also be an unwanted event, an illness, or a catastrophe. But the aquarium is mainly what we carry inside ourselves: a mental model filled with values, beliefs, prejudices, standards and truths that end up blocking our way to the sea. The aquarium is inside us. We are our biggest competitor. The first step to freedom is to think about June 2010 and make this inner choice: aquarium or ocean? That’s the question. SOUZA, César. Ícaro Brasil, RMC Editora, n. 238, jun. 2004, p. 20. Assinale a alternativa INCORRETA.
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