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- 31. StoodiComplete a lacuna: We _____ to the movies twice last month. We went three times.
- 32. StoodiI needed to understand what ____ to my doctor.
- 33. StoodiWhat ____ when I called you last night?
- 34. UFRGS 2001Woody Allen's 'Sweet and Lowdown' has received great critical acclaim, 1not least in the perceptive review of it by Jonathan Romney. 2But not even he has discussed the aspect of the film I found the most intriguing. That 'Interiors' was made as a tribute to Bergman was immediately recognised, but no review I have seen has pointed out that 'Sweet and Lowdown' reflects not only Allen's love of jazz, but also his love for Fellini. In this case, the homage takes the form of appropriating and reworking the plotline of 'La Strada (1954)'. Samantha Morton's superb performance as the mute Hattie in Allen's film has caused comparisons to be made with the blind heroine of Chaplin's 'City Lights (1931)', but it's even more relevant to recall that Giulietta Masina's Gelsomina in 'La Strada' was also Chaplinesque. Both Hattie and Gelsomina are loveable characters with more than a touch of simple-mindedness, and each is exploited by a travelling performer, the man they love. What makes this more than a passing parallel is the fact that both films 3lead to the same conclusion, a scene in which the man comes to the belated realisation that the woman he abandoned had been the love of his life, and also discovers that he has lost her. If I found 'Sweet and Lowdown' immensely fascinating without being wholly satisfying, it was because I was at once convinced that it is a variation on a film which cannot be matched, and which for me is Fellini's greatest. (Fonte: Sight and Sound, August 2000) O verbo "lead" (ref. 3) forma o passado e o particípio passado do mesmo modo que
- 35. StoodiHow long ____ your girlfriend?
- 36. StoodiShe ____ that old car for years when she got rid of it.
- 37. Stoodi(at 11am) ____ to Ed this morning?
- 38. StoodiComplete a lacuna: He _________________ and didn’t see the stop sign.
- 39. StoodiComplete a lacuna: I’m sorry. I _________________ to you because I was distracted.
- 40. StoodiComplete a lacuna: What ________ you _________ yesterday night?
- 41. UFRGS 2015The Road Not Taken Two roads diverged in a yellow wood, And sorry I could not travel both And be one traveler, long I stood And looked down one as far as I could To where it bent in the undergrowth; Then took the other, as just as fair, And having perhaps the better claim, Because it was grassy and wanted wear; Though as for that the passing there Had worn them really about the same, And both that morning equally lay In leaves no step had trodden black. Oh, I kept the first for another day! Yet knowing how way leads on to way, I doubted if I should ever come back. I shall be telling this with a sigh Somewhere ages and ages hence: Two roads diverged in a wood, and I – I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference. Adaptado de: FROST, Robert. The Road not Taken . Disponível em: . Acesso em: 08 set. 2014. Assinale o fragmento de frase que apresenta a mesma estrutura gramatical do título do poema.
- 42. IME 2016Encontram-se em destaque cinco termos ou expressões. Assinale a alternativa correspondente ao termo cujo emprego está incorreto. At every stage, Mr. Keating, a 26-year-old doctoral student at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Media Lab, has pushed and prodded to get his medical information, collecting an estimated 70 gigabytes of his own patient data by now. His case points to what medical experts say could be gained if patients have had full and easier access to their medical information. Betterinformed patients, they say, are more likely to take better care of themselves.
- 43. UECE 2014TEXT BRASÍLIA — Brazil’s highest court has long viewed itself as a bastion of manners and formality. Justices call one another “Your Excellency,” dress in billowing robes and wrap each utterance in grandiloquence, as if little had changed from the era when marquises and dukes held sway from their vast plantations. In one televised feud, Mr. Barbosa questioned another justice about whether he would even be on the court had he not been appointed by his cousin, aformer president impeached in 1992. With another justice, Mr. Barbosa rebuked him over what the chief justice considered his condescending tone, telling him he was not his “capanga,” a term describing a hired thug. In one of his most scathing comments, Mr. Barbosa, the high court’s first and only black justice, took on the entire legal system of Brazil — where it is still remarkably rare for politicians to ever spend time in prison, even after being convicted of crimes — contending that the mentality of judges was “conservative, pro-status-quo and pro-impunity.” “I have a temperament that doesn’t adapt well to politics,” Mr. Barbosa, 58, said in a recent interview in his quarters here in the Supreme Federal Tribunal, a modernist landmark designed by the architect Oscar Niemeyer. “It’s because I speak my mind so much.” His acknowledged lack of tact notwithstanding, he is the driving force behind a series of socially liberal and establishment-shaking rulings, turning Brazil’s highest court — and him in particular — into a newfound political power and the subject of popular fascination. The court’s recent rulings include a unanimous decision upholding the University of Brasília’s admissions policies aimed at increasing the number of black and indigenous students, opening the way for one of the Western Hemisphere’s most sweeping affirmative action laws for higher education. In another move, Mr. Barbosa used his sway as chief justice and president of the panel overseeing Brazil’s judiciary to effectively legalize same-sex marriage across the country. And in an anticorruption crusade, he is overseeing the precedent-setting trial of senior political figures in the governing Workers Party for their roles in a vast vote-buying scheme. Ascending to Brazil’s high court, much less pushing the institution to assert its independence, long seemed out of reach for Mr. Barbosa, the eldest of eight children raised in Paracatu, an impoverished city in Minas Gerais State, where his father worked as a bricklayer. But his prominence — not just on the court, but in the streets as well — is so well established that masks with his face were sold for Carnival, amateur musicians have composed songs about his handling of the corruption trial and posted them on YouTube, and demonstrators during the huge street protests that shook the nation this year told pollsters that Mr. Barbosa was one of their top choices for president in next year’s elections. While the protests have subsided since their height in June, the political tumult they set off persists. The race for president, once considered a shoo-in for the incumbent, Dilma Rousseff, is now up in the air, with Mr. Barbosa — who is now so much in the public eye that gossip columnists are following his romance with a woman in her 20s — repeatedly saying he will not run. “I’m not a candidate for anything,” he says. But the same public glare that has turned him into a celebrity has singed him as well. While he has won widespread admiration for his guidance of the high court, Mr. Barbosa, like almost every other prominent political figure in Brazil, has recently come under scrutiny. And for someone accustomed to criticizing the so-called supersalaries awarded to some members of Brazil’s legal system, the revelations have put Mr. Barbosa on the defensive. One report in the Brazilian news media described how he received about $180,000 in payments for untaken leaves of absence during his 19 years as a public prosecutor. (Such payments are common in some areas of Brazil’s large public bureaucracy.) Another noted that he bought an apartment in Miami through a limited liability company, suggesting an effort to pay less taxes on the property. In statements, Mr. Barbosa contends that he has done nothing wrong. In a country where a majority of people now define themselves as black or of mixed race — but where blacks remain remarkably rare in the highest echelons of political institutions and corporations — Mr. Barbosa’s trajectory and abrupt manner have elicited both widespread admiration and a fair amount of resistance. As a teenager, Mr. Barbosa moved to the capital, Brasília, finding work as a janitor in a courtroom. Against the odds, he got into the University of Brasília, the only black student in its law program at the time. Wanting to see the world, he later won admission into Brazil’s diplomatic service, which promptly sent him to Helsinki, the Finnish capital on the shore of the Baltic Sea. Sensing that he would not advance much in the diplomatic service, which he has called “one of the most discriminatory institutions of Brazil,” Mr. Barbosa opted for a career as a prosecutor. He alternated between legal investigations in Brazil and studies abroad, gaining fluency in English, French and German, and earning a doctorate in law at Pantheon-Assas University in Paris. Fascinated by the legal systems of other countries, Mr. Barbosa wrote a book on affirmative action in the United States. He still voices his admiration for figures like Thurgood Marshall, the first black Supreme Court justice in the United States, and William J. Brennan Jr., who for years embodied the court’s liberal vision, clearly drawing inspiration from them as he pushed Brazil’s high court toward socially liberal rulings. Still, no decision has thrust Mr. Barbosa into Brazil’s public imagination as much as his handling of the trial of political operatives, legislators and bankers found guilty in a labyrinthine corruption scandal called the mensalão, or big monthly allowance, after the regular payments made to lawmakers in exchange for their votes. Last November, at Mr. Barbosa’s urging, the high court sentenced some of the most powerful figures in the governing Workers Party to years in prison for their crimes in the scheme, including bribery and unlawful conspiracy, jolting a political system in which impunity for politicians has been the norm. Now the mensalão trial is entering what could be its final phases, and Mr. Barbosa has at times been visibly exasperated that defendants who have already been found guilty and sentenced have managed to avoid hard jail time. He has clashed with other justices over their consideration of a rare legal procedure in which appeals over close votes at the high court are examined. Losing his patience with one prominent justice, Ricardo Lewandowski, who tried to absolve some defendants of certain crimes, Mr. Barbosa publicly accused him this month of “chicanery” by using legalese to prop up certain positions. An outcry ensued among some who could not stomach Mr. Barbosa’s talking to a fellow justice like that. “Who does Justice Joaquim Barbosa think he is?” asked Ricardo Noblat, a columnist for the newspaper O Globo, questioning whether Mr. Barbosa was qualified to preside over the court. “What powers does he think he has just because he’s sitting in the chair of the chief justice of the Supreme Federal Tribunal?” Mr. Barbosa did not apologize. In the interview, he said some tension was necessary for the court to function properly. “It was always like this,” he said, contending that arguments are now just easier to see because the court’s proceedings are televised. Linking the court’s work to the recent wave of protests, he explained that he strongly disagreed with the violence of some demonstrators, but he also said he believed that the street movements were “a sign of democracy’s exuberance.” “People don’t want to passively stand by and observe these arrangements of the elite, which were always the Brazilian tradition,” he said. In the sentence “Wanting to see the world, he later won admission into Brazil’s diplomatic service,” the underlined phrase can be correctly rewritten as
- 44. UDESC 2013English as an international language About one hundred years ago many educated people 4learned and spoke French when they 5met people from other countries. Today most people speak English when they meet foreigners. It has become the new international language. There are more people who speak English as a second language than people who speak English as a first language. Why is this? There are many reasons why English has become so popular. One of them is that English has become the language of business. Another important reason is that popular American culture (like movies, music, and McDonald's) has quickly spread throughout the world. It has 6brought its language with it. Is it good that English has spread to all parts of the world so quickly? I don't know. It's important to have a language that the people of the earth have in common. Our world has become very global and we need to communicate with one another. 2On the other hand, English is a fairly complicated language to learn and it brings 3its culture with it. Do we really need that? Scientists have already 7tried to create an artificial language that isn't too difficult and doesn't include any one group's culture. It is called Esperanto. But it hasn't become popular. But maybe the popularity of English won't last that long either. Who knows? There are more people in the world 1who speak Chinese than any other language. Maybe someday Chinese will be the new international language. www.5minuteenglish.com Accessed on June 19th The infinitive of the verbs: “learned” (ref. 4), “met” (ref. 5), “brought” (ref. 6), “tried” (ref. 7), is consecutively:
- 45. UFRGS 2007Mr. Eugene Foster lives with his wife in a large house in New York City, and they 1have four servants. On this particular morning, it’s very busy. One maid is distributing dust sheets to every room, while another 2is decorating them over the furniture. The butler is bringing down suitcases, and Mrs. Foster herself is going from room to room and pretending to supervise these operations. Actually, she is thinking of nothing at all except that she is going to miss her plane if her husband doesn't come out of his office soon and get ready. Mr. Foster perhaps has a right to be irritated with his wife, but he can have no excuse for increasing her misery by ______ her waiting unnecessarily. This is what he 3does, whenever they go somewhere, his timing is so accurate that it is hard to believe he isn't purposely causing torture of his 5unhappy lady. And one thing he must know - that she would never dare to call out and tell him ______ up. He disciplined her too well for that. He must also know that if he is prepared to wait even beyond the last moment of safety, he can drive her nearly into panic. It seems almost as though he 'wanted' to miss the plane simply to intensify the poor woman's suffering. (Adapted from: DAHL, Roald. The way up to heaven. In: Tales of the unexpected. London: Penguin Book, 1979. p. 179-180.) Se, em vez de narrar a história no presente, o autor a tivesse situado no passado, as formas verbais HAVE (ref. 1), IS (ref. 2) e DOES (ref. 3) teriam de ser substituídas, respectivamente, por
- 46. UNESP 2011Status of same-sex marriage South America Argentina The Autonomous City of Buenos Aires (a federal district and capital city of the republic) allows same-sex civil unions. The province of Rio Negro allows same-sex civil unions, too. Legislation to enact same-sex marriage across all of Argentina was approved on July 15, 2010. Brazil A law that would allow same-sex civil unions throughout the nation has been debated. Until the end of the first semester of 2010 the Supremo Tribunal Federal had not decided about it. Colombia The Colombian Constitutional Court ruled in February 2007 that same-sex couples are entitled to the same inheritance rights as heterosexuals in common-law marriages. This ruling made Colombia the first South American nation to legally recognize gay couples. Furthermore, in January 2009, the Court ruled that same-sex couples must be extended all of the rights offered to cohabitating heterosexual couples. Ecuador The Ecuadorian new constitution has made Ecuador stand out in the region. Ecuador has become the first country in South America where same sex civil union couples are legally recognized as a family and share the same rights of married heterosexual couples. Uruguay Uruguay became the first country in South America to allow civil unions (for both opposite-sex and same-sex couples) in a national platform on January 1, 2008. Children can be adopted by same-sex couples since 2009. Disponível em: . (adaptado). Assinale a alternativa na qual todas as palavras são formas verbais relativas ao passado.
- 47. EPCAR 2017Read the text below and answer question according to it. Most Common Prejudices What are some of the most common ways people discriminate against each other? Some of the areas where people show their intolerance are well-known, such as race. But 1others are less 2acknowledged, even if more common: Age: 3Ageism is more common than you think. Older people are thought to be inflexible and 4stuck in the past, while younger people are seen as inexperienced and naive. 5One-fifth of working adults say they experience ageism in the 6workplace. Class: Classism usually takes the form of discrimination by wealthier people against those who are less well off. However, classism goes both ways – people of lower economic status can see the wealthy as elite snobs who, while monetarily secure, are morally 7bankrupt. Color: Different from racism, colorism is discrimination based only on the color of a person’s skin; how relatively dark or light they are. Colorism takes place within and between races. It is common in multi-ethnic and non-white societies and societies with historical racial prejudice. Ability: 8Usually called ableism, a less well-known form of prejudice is discrimination against people with visible disabilities such as 9those in wheelchairs or with a learning disability. The disabled face discrimination not only from their 10peers, but from institutions, schools, employers, and 11landowners who are hesitant to accommodate the disabled. Sex/Gender: Possibly the most universal and long running prejudice is that based on a person’s gender or sex. Historically, sexism has placed men in a more advantageous position than women. Weight/Size: In short, sizeism is discrimination based on 12a person’s body size or weight. Sizeism works with social standards of beauty and usually takes the form of discrimination against the overweight – anti-fat prejudice. Religion: Religious discrimination and 13persecution has been common throughout history. But 14prejudice based on religious affiliation doesn’t end with organized religion; 15atheists are 16prone to discrimination and being discriminated against. Sexual Orientation: Most commonly, prejudice based on sexual orientation includes discrimination against those of a non-heterosexual orientation. Discrimination against the non-heterosexual takes many forms depending on the society. In some societies prejudice is open and tolerated, but in most Western societies, 17bias against the non-heterosexual is more discreet. Country of Origin: Nativism is a common form of discrimination against immigrants to a country. Unlike many other forms of discrimination, nativism is many times encouraged and enforced by some public entities. 18Which prejudice do you have? Which prejudice have you experienced? Disponível em: . (adaptado). Glossary: 2acknowledged – reconhecidos(as) 4stuck – presos(as) 7bankrupt – falidos(as) 10peers - pares; colegas 11landowners – proprietários(as) 16prone – propensos(as) 18bias – julgamento ou opinião parcial Mark the correct question for the sentence “prejudice based on religious affiliation” (reference 14).
- 48. MACKENZIE 2012Buffalo Springfield, Pearl Jam Rock Bridge School Benefit The annual Bridge School Benefit has featured special acoustic sets by everybody from David Bowie and Paul McCartney to Metallica and Phish. But for the 24th edition, on October 23rd and 24th, organizer Neil Young unveiled a stunning finale: the first set since 1968 by his old band Buffalo Springfield. “From my perspective, we just picked up where we left off many, many years ago,” says singer Richie Furay. “It was almost like going back in time.” (...) At the end of their set, which included “Black” and “Better Man”, Young joined them on his new tune “Walk With Me.” “We played it for him backstage, and he said, ‘That’s basically it, but let me show you what you aren’t playing,’ ”says Pearl Jam guitarist Stone Gossard. “We _ _ _ _ _( I )_ _ _ _ _ an interaction with him that _ _( II )_ _ a lesson in the sheer, raw love of rock.” Rolling Stone As formas verbais corretas para se completar as lacunas I e II são:
- 49. UNITAU 1995Assinale a alternativa na qual se incluem a forma do futuro simples e a forma do presente perfeito contínuo da sentença a seguir: Two teams of 11 players attempt to guide an inflated ball into goal cages.
- 50. FUVEST 1978Assinale a alternativa que preenche corretamente as lacunas: I you as soon as my work .
- 51. UEL 1998Assinale a letra correspondente à alternativa que preenche corretamente as lacunas do texto apresentado. Imagine travelling directly ( I ) London and Paris with no connections to run for, no buses to board, no taxis to hail. In fact, the only thing you ( II ) to change is the tongue you speak upon arrival. That's exactly what you ( III ) experience aboard the high speed Eurostar passenger train. A lacuna (III) do texto é corretamente preenchida pela alternativa:
- 52. UNESP 1995Assinale a alternativa que preenche a lacuna da frase a seguir corretamente: He will ________ almost everything you ask him.
- 53. UNEB 2014Brazil Science Without Borders The Brazilian government’s new Science Without Borders Program will provide scholarships to undergraduate students from Brazil for one year of study at colleges and universities in the United States. Scholarships will be given primarily to students in the Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) fields. Students in the program will return to Brazil to complete their degrees. Undergraduate students from Brazil may apply for the Science Without Borders Program scholarship beginning August 31, 2011. This program, administered by IIE, is part of the Brazilian government’s larger initiative to grant 100,000 scholarships for the best students from Brazil to study abroad at the world’s best universities. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 12 out. 2013. Considering language use in the text, it’s correct to say:
- 54. UEAP 2013Obama Criticizes Congress on Housing Market U.S. President Barack Obama has called out the Congress, especially Republicans, for not acting on proposals aimed at saving homeowners thousands of dollars. During Saturday’s weekly address, Obama said Congress has delayed taking action on a plan he sent them in February that he says would save homeowners $3,000 a year by refinancing their mortgages at a lower interest rate. [...] President Obama and Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney face off Wednesday in the first of three debates ahead of elections on November 6. Voa News, September 29, 2012. (adapted) http://www.voanews.com. Em “U.S. President Barack Obama has called out the Congress” (1º parágrafo), o tempo verbal é
- 55. PUC-PR 2006When Carlos has a headache, he ______ some tea.
- 56. UFRGS 2005Complete the sentence below with the best alternative. In the past, English cavaliers ________ swords while ________ on the left.
- 57. EPCAR 2011When football _____ professional in South Africa in 1959, 12 clubs broke from the amateur ranks. However, in the strict days of Apartheid, these pioneers _____ whites-only organizations and _____ today, all but a few, defunct. One of the survivors is Arcadia from Tshwane/Pretoria, an outfit that today competes in the amateur ranks and concentrates on junior football. Mark the alternative which completes the gaps from the text correctly.
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