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  1. 31. Stoodi
    Preencha a lacuna: Your daughter _____ her homework yet.
  2. 32. UFRRJ 2004
    SILENT WEAPONS Technological Hurdles for Terrorists To be successful, a terrorist or terrorist organization has to overcome formidable technical challenges. First, the terrorist has to obtain a sufficiently lethal strain of a disease pathogen. Second, he must know how to handle and store the pathogen correctly and safely. Third, he must know how to produce it in bulk. Tiny amounts of a microorganism are lethal enough to ravage a field of crops, a herd of animals, or a city of people, assuming the pathogen is delivered precisely to the target. However, 2biological agents do not survive well outside the laboratory. In reality only a fraction of the biological agent would reach the target population, so vastly larger amounts would be needed to launch a catastrophic attack. Considering the array of technological hurdles involved, it is surprising that few terrorist attacks with biological weapons have been attempted. What is more, those attempts produced few casualties. Recently, anthrax-laced letters killed five people in the United States. That is tragic enough, but the 1casualties were fewer than might have occurred from a small explosive or even a pistol. Researchers calculate that since 1975, in 96 percent of the attacks worldwide in which chemical agents were used no more than three people were killed or injured. Awake! September 22, 2002. In the sentence, "...biological agents do not survive well..."(ref. 2), the use of the present tense implies
  3. 33. FATEC 2004
    BUNKER DOWN FORGET HIDING IN THE basement. Brits worried about their safety can now purchase a completely bombproof house, made by the steel manufacturer Corus. The Surefast shelter, launched earlier this month, is constructed out of steel panels that are slotted together and filled with concrete. But don't expect to just throw it together at the last minute: it takes several people 10 hours - and the help of a heavy crane - to assemble the two-story, 50,000 pounds structure. In tests the shelter has successfully withstood everything from car bombs to blowtorches. Still, it offers no protection from biological or chemical weapons. For clean air, inhabitants had best outfit their bombproof homes with the Dominick Hunter Group's regenerative NBC filtration system. (The British Army is now installing it in its tanks.) Breathable air doesn't come cheap, either: a filter to support 10 people starts at 50,000 pounds. Newsweek, April 14, 2003. Assinale a alternativa que apresenta o uso correto do presente contínuo como em "The British Army is now installing it in its tanks.".
  4. 34. ITA 2015
    STICKERNOMICS Football albums Got, got, got, got, got, need     THE World Cup is still two weeks away, but for children worldwide (plus 6disturbing numbers of adults) the race to complete the Brazil 2014 sticker book started long ago. 1Panini, an Italian firm, has produced sticker albums for World Cups since Mexico 1970; this year’s version has 640 stickers to collect. 7Collecting them is no idle pursuit, however. Getting every slot filled delivers an early lesson in probability, the value of statistical tests and the importance of liquidity.     When you start an album, 8your first sticker (in Britain, they come in packs of five) has a 640/640 probability of being needed. 2As the spaces get filled, the odds of opening a pack and finding a sticker you want fall. 9According to Sylvain Sardy and Yvan Velenik, two mathematicians at the University of Geneva, the number of sticker packs that you would have to buy on average to fill the album by mechanically buying pack after pack would be 899. 11That assumes there is no supply shock to the market (the theft of hundreds of thousands of stickers in Brazil in April 12left many fearful that Panini would run short of cards).     It also assumes that 10the market is not being rigged. Panini says that 3each sticker is printed in the same volumes and randomly distributed. In a 2010 paper Messrs Sardy and Velenik gamely played the role of “regulator” by checking the distribution of stickers for a 660-sticker album 13sold in Switzerland for that year’s World Cup. Out of their sample of 6,000 stickers, they expected to see each sticker 9.09 times on average (6,000/660), 4which was broadly borne out in practice.     Even in a fair market, it is inefficient to buy endless packs as an individual (not to mention bloody expensive for the parents). The answer is to create a market for collectors to swap their unwanted stickers. The playground is 14one version of this market, 5where a child who has a card prized by many suddenly understands the power of limited supply. Sticker fairs are another. As with any market, liquidity counts. The more people who can be attracted into the market with their duplicate cards, the better the chances of finding the sticker you want.     Messrs Sardy and Velenik reckon that a group of ten astute sticker-swappers would need a mere 1,435 packs between them to complete all ten albums, if they take advantage of Panini’s practice of selling the final 50 missing stickers to order. Internet forums, where potentially unlimited numbers of people can swap stickers, make this number fall even further. The idea of a totally efficient market 15should dismay Panini, which will sell fewer packs as a result. But as in all markets, behaviour is not strictly rational. 16Despite entreaties, your correspondent’s son is prepared to tear out most of his stickers to get hold of Lionel Messi. Fonte: http://www.economist.com/news/finance-and-economics/21603019-got-got-got-got-got-need-stickernomics Acesso: 13/ago/2014 Marque a opção em que o uso do ing denota ação contínua.
  5. 35. Stoodi
    Complete a lacuna: We _____ lunch at home every day – we like to cook.
  6. 36. G1 1996
    Complete with Simple Present or Present Continuous (Progressive) Sergio _______________ to the radio while his little brother _______________ outside in the park.
  7. 37. UEMG 2013
    The Birth of a Storyteller Jackie Torrence spent her childhood in North Carolina, in the southern part of the United States. She was a shy child because she had problems with her teeth, which made it hard for her to talk. Other children teased her because of her speech problem, so she spent much of her childhood playing alone. One of Jackie’s favorite games was to pretend she was on television. She told stories out loud using gestures and dramatic voices. At school, Jackie soon learned that she was good at writing stories, and with the help of her favorite teacher, she started to work on improving her speech. Jackie’s first storytelling performance was in a library. She was working as a librarian and was asked to entertain a group of children. Jackie told them a story and they loved it! Before long, she began telling stories within her community. Many of her stories came from old American and African-American folktales. Eventually, she started telling stories across North America. As Jackie’s fame increased, her health decreased. She now has to use a wheelchair, but this has not stopped her storytelling career. Jackie’s stories have been published in books, magazines, and newspapers and she has appeared on radio and television. She has won awards for nine of her sound recordings and three of her television specials. Adapted from NorthStar 3: Listening and Speaking, 2nd Edition (Longman, p57), Helen S. Solórzano and Jennifer P. L. Schmidt In the sentence, “She has won awards for nine of her sound recordings and three of her television specials”, the underlined expression shows that  
  8. 38. UFSJ 2012
    The man in the cartoon thinks the cat
  9. 39. UFRGS 2008
        It was December - a bright frozen day in the early morning. Far out in the country there was an old Negro woman with her head tied in a red rag, coming along a 1path through the pinewoods. Her name was Phoenix Jackson. She was very old and small and she walked slowly in the dark pine 2shadows, moving a little 6from side to side in her steps, with the balanced heaviness and lightness of a pendulum in a grandfather clock. She 9carried a thin, small cane made 7from an umbrella, and with this she kept 13tapping the frozen earth in front of her. This 10made a grave and persistent 3noise in the still air, that seemed meditative like the chirping of a solitary little bird.     She 11wore a dark striped dress reaching down to her shoe tops, and an equally long apron of bleached sugar sacks, with a full pocket: all neat and tidy, but every time she 14took a step she might have fallen over her 4shoelaces 15which dragged 8from her unlaced shoes. She looked straight ahead. Her eyes 12were blue with age. Her 5skin had a pattern all its own of numberless branching wrinkles.    Adapted from: WELTY, Eudora. A worn path. In: __. "Literature: 150 masterpieces of fiction, poetry and drama". New York: St. Martin's Press, 1991. p. 200. Considere o enunciado a seguir e as quatro propostas para completá-lo. Os fatos relatados neste texto poderiam ser narrados com formas verbais do presente, o presente dito histórico, ou narrativo. Nesse caso, seria necessário, por exemplo, substituir 1 - "carried" (ref. 9) por "carries". 2 - "made" (ref. 10) por "make". 3 - "wore" (ref. 11) por "wears". 4 - "were" (ref. 12) por "are". Quais propostas estão CORRETAS?
  10. 40. Stoodi
    Preencha a lacuna: Hey! Someone _____ my money!
  11. 41. Stoodi
    Complete a lacuna: I hate living here because it always _____.
  12. 42. UFSJ 2013
    Young Nina and her grandmother are having a conversation: "Grandma, how long have you and Grandpa been married?", asked Nina. 1"We've been married for fifty years", Grandma replied. "That is so wonderful", exclaimed Nina. "And I bet in all that time, you never once thought about divorce, right?" "Right Nina. Divorce, never. Murder, lots of times.” Adapted from http://www.sarasotawedding.com/jokes/divorce_jokes.html Access on September 28th, 2012. In the joke, the sentence “We've been married for fifty years" (ref. 1) means that Nina's grandparents
  13. 43. FATEC 2008
    JUST LIKE HUMANS Animal personality is now taken seriously.     We name them, raise them, clothe them and spoil them. We describe them as manipulative, grumpy, sensitive and caring. And they're not even human - they're our pets. It's in our nature to ascribe human characteristics to animals even if they don't really exist. For this reason, in the interests of remaining objective observers of nature, scientists have taken pains to avoid anthropomorphizing animals. To talk about a dog's having a swagger or a cat's being shy would invite professional sneers.     In recent years, however, evidence has begun to show that animals have personalities after all. Chimps, for example, can be conscientious: they think before they act, they plan and they control their impulses, says Samuel Gosling, a Texas-based psychologist. Research has identified similar personality traits in many other species.     The implications of these findings for research on human personality are powerful. Scientists can look to animal studies for insight into humans the same way they now look to animal testing for insight into drugs. Animal research has already begun to shed light on how different sights of people respond to medications and treatments - aggressive and passive rats respond differently to antidepressants, for example. The hope is that animals can help illuminate the murky interplay of genes and the environment on people's personalities. The research may even lead to predictions about what people will do, based on their personalities, when they're stressed out or frightened. Putting personality testing - already a thriving business - on a firm footing could uncover a wealth of knowledge about where personality comes from. (Newsweek, June 18, 2007) Assinale a alternativa que contém o uso correto do tempo verbal "present perfect", como no exemplo - "evidence has begun to show that animals have personalities after all" -, no segundo parágrafo do texto.  
  14. 44. FUVEST 1997
    Why do bees fuss about so much when they fly, instead of forming a tidy flock like birds? Birds flying in a flock keep to a highly ordered pattern, whereas a swarm of bees is a cloud of chaos. This difference has long puzzled scientists, but now a team of Japanese researchers has come up with a simple mathematical model to explain it. [The researchers] began with a simple analogy. Stars in a galaxy move under the influence of each other's gravity in a way that can be described by Newton's laws. Identify the influences felt by an insect or bird, the researchers reasoned, and its flying patterns should be just as easy to predict. [Adapted from New Scientist, 15 June 1996] A forma correta do singular de "Why do bees fuss about so much when they fly?" é
  15. 45. UFRJ 2004
    In the sentence, "biological agents do not survive well", the use of the present tense implies:
  16. 46. UFAC 2011
    Choose the alternative that best completes the sentence:   Charles normally ________ water, but now he ________ coke.  
  17. 47. UNCISAL 2016
    Paris attacks: US states halt taking Syrian refugees More than a dozen US states say Syrian refugees are no longer welcome due to security fears after the Paris attacks. Governor Rick Snyder of Michigan said he was suspending the acceptance of new arrivals until after a review. Alabama, Texas and several other states issued similar statements but a State Department spokesman said the legality of this action was still unclear. President Barack Obama has urged the US to “step up and do its part” to help those fleeing the civil war. “Slamming the door in their faces would be a betrayal of our values,” he said. [...] Disponível em: http://www.bbc.com/. Acesso em: 18 nov. 2015.   Na oração “Slamming the door in their faces would be a betrayal of our values,” qual a função sintática do termo em destaque?
  18. 48. UEMA 2015
    Frejat In 1985, Frejat, then guitarist for Barão Vermelho, hit the stage wearing green and yellow clothes. It was January 15th, the day in which Tancredo Neves was named president of Brazil. Cazuza sang "Pro Dia Nascer Feliz" with lots of enthusiasm. Frejat returns to the festival this year for a solo performance on October 1st. Fonte: Disponível em: TAM. TAM nas nuvens. São Paulo: New Content Editora, set/2011.   Change the following sentence to the simple present tense: Cazuza sang "Pro Dia Nascer Feliz".
  19. 49. UNESP 2011
    Status of same-sex marriage South America Argentina The Autonomous City of Buenos Aires (a federal district and capital city of the republic) allows same-sex civil unions. The province of Rio Negro allows same-sex civil unions, too. Legislation to enact same-sex marriage across all of Argentina was approved on July 15, 2010. Brazil A law that would allow same-sex civil unions throughout the nation has been debated. Until the end of the first semester of 2010 the Supremo Tribunal Federal had not decided about it. Colombia The Colombian Constitutional Court ruled in February 2007 that same-sex couples are entitled to the same inheritance rights as heterosexuals in common-law marriages. This ruling made Colombia the first South American nation to legally recognize gay couples. Furthermore, in January 2009, the Court ruled that same-sex couples must be extended all of the rights offered to cohabitating heterosexual couples. Ecuador The Ecuadorian new constitution has made Ecuador stand out in the region. Ecuador has become the first country in South America where same sex civil union couples are legally recognized as a family and share the same rights of married heterosexual couples. Uruguay Uruguay became the first country in South America to allow civil unions (for both opposite-sex and same-sex couples) in a national platform on January 1, 2008. Children can be adopted by same-sex couples since 2009. Disponível em: . (adaptado).   Assinale a alternativa na qual todas as palavras são formas verbais relativas ao passado.
  20. 50. UEPB 2014
    How money works: Will China on us all? It’s no secret China has been booming while the West declines. In fact, it’s been growing so fast it’s expanding overseas, too: buying up businesses in the UK, U.S. and elsewhere. So, how worried should we be? Napoleon once said, apparently. ‘Let China sleep because when she wakes she’ll shake the world’. Indeed, for much of the industrial revolution, China was taking a nap — so to speak. But in 1978 things began to change. The Communist country encouraged private enterprise and unleashed its biggest asset: 975 million citizens. Where then ensued mass migrations to urban areas where people took up jobs in factories to manufacture goods for export. Since then the economy dubbed ‘the dragon’ has doubled its slice of the global economy and it’s predicted that by 2016 China will be the world’s biggest economy. Can anything stand in the way of the Asian powerhouse? From Yahoo Finance UK Friday Mar 8, 2013. In text, the Verb forms "booming", "growing", "expanding" and "buying" indicate that the events described are situated  
  21. 51. UPE 2012
    _____________I______________ so much more to Japanese cuisine than the sushi that’s so popular today. The simple and delicate flavors of sauce, miso, sake and mirin (sweet rice wine) abound in styles of cooking that range from yakitori (in which ingredients are grilled) to tempura (in which ingredients are dipped in batter and lightly fried to a delicate crisp). Since flavor and aesthetics are of great importance in Japanese cooking, well-prepared Japanese dishes are both ______________II______________and ______________III______________, a real treat for stomach and the eye.   (Adaptado de Beyond the sushi: the pleasures of Japanese food. In: All Set!. DONNINI, Lívia &MPLATERO, Luciana. Boston (MA): Heinly Cengage Learning, 2009.)   Considerando a gramática e o contexto, a sequência cujas palavras completam corretamente as lacunas I, II e III está na alternativa
  22. 52. UNESP 2006
    How do terrorist organizations use the internet? The internet is an increasingly useful tool for terrorists, whose online activities include information-sharing, propaganda, and possibly, cyber terrorism. Over the last ten years, the number of terrorist sites has jumped from less than 100 to as many as 4,000. "This has particularly taken off since the war in Iraq, as many of the insurgency groups there have many sites and message boards to help their network", says SITE Institute, a Washington DC-based terrorist-tracking group. "The greatest advantage [of the internet] is stealth", says John Arquilla, professor of defense analysis at the Naval Postgraduate School. "[Terrorists] swim in an ocean of bits and bytes". But the same anonymity that draws terrorists into the cyber world may also enable law-enforcement officials to spy on them undetected. (...) Today, terrorists give orders, plan attacks, and even send funds via online message boards and chat rooms. Terrorist sites also serve as virtual training grounds, offering tutorials on making bombs, firing surface-to-air missiles, shooting at U.S. soldiers, and sneaking into Iraq from abroad. The internet also provides a venue for terrorists to disseminate their message, experts say. Terrorist sites broadcast propaganda videos designed to boost morale, raise funds, or recruit new members. (...) There is some debate within the counterterrorism community about how to combat terrorist sites. Some experts say monitoring websites can provide valuable information about terrorist activities. "You can see who's posting what and who's paying for it", one expert says. (...) Other experts advocate a more aggressive approach; they say shutting down websites, even temporarily, can disrupt a terrorist group's activities. The United States have tried to prosecute webmasters who run terrorist websites in the West, but has run into opposition from free speech advocates. "Sites that tell the terrorist side of the story go right up to the brink of civil liberties", Arquilla says. Disponível em: http://cfrterrorism.org/home. Indique a alternativa que preenche corretamente a sentença: Although it is possible to identify who ............... a website, it is impossible to avoid .................... some ethical consequences of disclosing anonymity.
  23. 53. UFF 2007
    SHALL WE DANCE?   planets SPIN. lightning leaps. atoms dance. and so do we.   Skirts bloom at a square dance in Albany, Oregon. "It's friendship set to music," says Marilyn Schmit, who met her husband on a square dance date 16 years ago. By Cathy Newman NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SENIOR WRITER NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC - JULY 2006   From the first kick of a baby's foot to the last "Anniversary Waltz," we dance – to internal rhythms and external sounds. Before the written word, humans spoke the language of dance. It's as ancient as the 3,400-year-old image of a man with a lute, dancing on a clay plaque discovered in the Middle East. We dance, not just with our bodies, but from the heart. "Dance is bodies sounding off," says Judith Lynne Hanna, an anthropologist at the University of Maryland. We pour out love and hate, joy and sorrow; appeal to the spirits, gods, and nature; flirt, seduce, court; celebrate birth, death, and everything in between. We even presume to reorder the world, as if, in the Shaker song, by "turning, turning we come round right." Dance is so profane, some religions ban it; so sacred, others claim it. Dance in America can hardly contain itself. We dance – from Florida to Alaska, from horizon to horizon and sea to sea, in the ballrooms of big cities and whistle-stop bars, in Great Plains Grange halls, church basements, barrio nightclubs, and high school auditoriums. We do the polka, waltz, fox-trot, tarantella, jitterbug, samba, salsa, rumba, mambo, tango, bomba, cha-cha, merengue, mazurka, conga, Charleston, two-step, jerk, swim, Watusi, twist, monkey, electric slide, Harlem shake, shim sham shimmy, fandango, garba, gourd dance, corn dance, hora, hopak – as if our lives depended on it. Some believed just that: A medieval superstition averred that dancing in front of Saint Vitus's statue ensured a year of good health. We dance out of anguish, to attain solace, and, sometimes, in an attempt to heal. "I remember a couple," says Lester Hillier, owner of a dance studio in Davenport, Iowa. The husband was a retired farmer. His wife, a housewife, wore flat shoes and a floral housedress. "One of their sons had been killed. The devastated parents had a dance lesson booked the day after it happened. They insisted on coming anyway," Hillier recalls. As the lesson hour drifted to a close, the couple asked for one last dance. They wanted a waltz. And when it ended, she rested her head on his chest; he wrapped his arms around her shoulders. Then they stood still, clinging to one another. Dance, like the rhythm of a beating heart, is life. It is, also, the space between heartbeats. It is, said choreographer Alwin Nikolais, what happens between here and there, between the time you start and the time you stop. "It is," says Judith Jamison, artistic director of the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater, "as close to God as you are going to get without words." To dance is human. To dance is divine.   Glossary: anniversary - celebração de bodas lute - alaúde (instrumento musical de cordas) clay - argila averred - afirmava solace - consolo The present tense of the verbs in the text subtitle ("Planets spin ... and so do we") is used to express
  24. 54. UEG 2003
    TEXTO 3 A THIRSTY PLANET A woman drops a bucket into a dry well in Africa. A Chinese family watches its home vanish beneath a new reservoir. An Australian farmer kicks the salt crust slowly poisoning his field. In all corners of the globe people face trouble with water. It is the tie that binds every living thing, as vital to life as air. Yet one third of the world’s people live in countries where water supplies often don’t meet demand; more than a billion lack access to clean drinking water altogether. Those numbers will drastically increase in the next 25 years as the population grows. It’s not that we’re running out – Earth is awash in water, continuously recycling the same amount it’s had for eons. But accessible fresh water in lakes, rivers, and aquifers, often called renewable water, is less than onetenth of one percent of all Earth’s water – and it rarely lies where it’s needed most. We’ve tapped half of it already, and many of the world’s great watersheds now suffer from pollution, overexploitation, and political conflict. Have you checked your water source lately? NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC. Washington, D.C. Sep. 2002. Supplement.   Assinale a alternativa INCORRETA:
  25. 55. UPF 2014
    About the National Reading Campaign  In 2008 a group of volunteers — writers, teachers, librarians, parents, young people, and book and magazine publishers — got together to talk about a nationwide way to make Canada a country of readers. Over the course of four years, the group grew and organized three national summits, held in Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver (with distance participation from across the country). The summits provided an opportunity to learn about the national reading plans around the world, from Brazil to the Netherlands, to discuss the best of the many innovative programs already in place in Canada, and to use this information as a base for developing our own National Reading Plan. Word has spread and more volunteers have come together in working groups of more than a hundred participants. The National Reading Plan is the fruit of all this information. In 2012, The National Reading Campaign was incorporated as a not-for profit organization.  Disponível em: .  Acesso em: 25 ago. 2013. It is possible to assert the volunteers who started the group:
  26. 56. UPE 2013
    THE CARBON CONNECTION   “Tackling climate change is a huge challenge for the world, and one where the mobile telecommunications industry can make a great contribution.”   (Vittorio Colao, Vodafone Group CEO)     We don’t agree on everything, but the world does seem to agree on one thing: Global warming is happening, and it’s causing big problems. And the biggest cause of global warming is carbon in the form of carbon dioxide produced by burning coal and oil.           Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere keeps heat from escaping into space. Long ago, this greenhouse effect was a good thing. It kept the Earth from becoming too cold. But in modern times, more carbon dioxide has been entering the atmosphere, so less heat can escape. We’ve already raised the Earth’s temperature over one degree    Fahrenheit, and we can see the devastating effects – melting polar ice, retreating  glaciers, severe weather, and changes in the sea life.           The solution is to burn less, but with the Earth’s population growing, how can this be accomplished? The answer, according to the experts, is not one amazing new technology, but rather all of the existing technologies combined.   […]           Using less energy to begin with may be the easiest way for most of us to decrease carbon emissions. Switching from old‐fashioned incandescent light bulbs to high‐efficiency fluorescent lights dramatically decreases our electrical consumption. Lifestyle changes are also important, for example, turning off computer monitors when we’re using public transportation. Finally, if all new buildings, appliances, and vehicles were designed with energy efficiency in mind, we could stabilize or even decrease the amount of carbon entering the atmosphere. (JOHANNSEN, Kristin; CHASE, Rebecca. World English 3:  Real people. Real places. Real Language. Heinle Cengage Learning. Boston, 2010  ‐  Adaptado.)   Qual das alternativas apresenta o uso do present continuous (present progressive)?
  27. 57. UPE 2011
    TV-Turnoff Week TV-Turnoff Week is an exciting opportunity for children and adults to experience life without television. For seven days, people across the country and around the world turn off their televisions to find that life can be more rewarding and fulfilling when we do more and watch less. Television cuts into family time, harms our children’s ability to read and succeed in school, and contributes to unhealthy lifestyles and obesity. [...] It’s clear that the impact of TV-Turnoff Week lasts much longer than seven days. Join thousands of parents, pediatricians and other families by celebrating TV-Turnoff Week next year! (Adaptado de TV-Turnoff Week. PLATERO, Luciana. e DONNINI, Lívia. All Set! Volume único. Student book. Boston: HEINLY Cengage Learning, 2009).   Na frase “It’s clear that the impact of TV-Turnoff Week lasts much longer than seven days” , o verbo em destaque significa
  28. 58. UPE 2012
    GM crops: solution or problem?   Supermarkets want to sell cheap food – and fruit and vegetables that look big, bright and “perfect”. To grow these, some farmers use more and more chemicals on their crops. When you eat an apple, _________________________________? GM (Genetically-modified) crops sound like a great idea. They don’t get diseases like normal crops. They produce lots of strong plants. They are cheap. Isn’t this a great way to feed the world, especially poor countries? The problem is, nobody __________________ the consequences! Are GM crops a step too far? Will they affect our environment – and us? We don’t know! Disponível em: HOLDEN, Susan. Environment Portfolio Series. São Paulo: Macmillan, 2004. (Adaptado)   Considerando o contexto e as normas gramaticais da língua, marque a alternativa em que a sentença e o verbo completam, CORRETAMENTE, as respectivas lacunas do texto.
  29. 59. FATEC 2008
    Just Like Humans Animal personality is now taken seriously. We name them, raise them, clothe them and spoil them. We describe them as manipulative, grumpy, sensitive and caring. And they’re not even human – they’re our pets. It’s in our nature to ascribe human characteristics to animals even if they don’t really exist. For this reason, in the interests of remaining objective observers of nature, scientists have taken pains to avoid anthropomorphizing animals. To talk about a dog’s having a swagger or a cat’s being shy would invite professional sneers. In recent years, however, evidence has begun to show that animals have personalities after all. Chimps, for example, can be conscientious: they think before they act, they plan and they control their impulses, says Samuel Gosling, a Texas based psychologist. (...)   Verifica-se o uso correto do tempo verbal “present perfect”, como no exemplo – “evidence has begun to show that animals have personalities after all” – em:
  30. 60. MACKENZIE 2012
    Buffalo Springfield, Pearl Jam Rock Bridge School Benefit The annual Bridge School Benefit has featured special acoustic sets by everybody from David Bowie and Paul McCartney to Metallica and Phish. But for the 24th edition, on October 23rd and 24th, organizer Neil Young unveiled a stunning finale: the first set since 1968 by his old band Buffalo Springfield. “From my perspective, we just picked up where we left off many, many years ago,” says singer Richie Furay. “It was almost like going back in time.” (...) At the end of their set, which included “Black” and “Better Man”, Young joined them on his new tune “Walk With Me.” “We played it for him backstage, and he said, ‘That’s basically it, but let me show you what you aren’t playing,’ ”says Pearl Jam guitarist Stone Gossard. “We _ _ _ _ _( I )_ _ _ _ _ an interaction with him that _ _( II )_ _ a lesson in the sheer, raw love of rock.” Rolling Stone   As formas verbais corretas para se completar as lacunas I e II são:
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