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- 61. UNITAU 1995Assinale a alternativa na qual se incluem a forma do futuro simples e a forma do presente perfeito contínuo da sentença a seguir: Two teams of 11 players attempt to guide an inflated ball into goal cages.
- 62. FUVEST 1978Assinale a alternativa que preenche corretamente as lacunas: I you as soon as my work .
- 63. UEL 1998Assinale a letra correspondente à alternativa que preenche corretamente as lacunas do texto apresentado. Imagine travelling directly ( I ) London and Paris with no connections to run for, no buses to board, no taxis to hail. In fact, the only thing you ( II ) to change is the tongue you speak upon arrival. That's exactly what you ( III ) experience aboard the high speed Eurostar passenger train. A lacuna (III) do texto é corretamente preenchida pela alternativa:
- 64. UNESP 1995Assinale a alternativa que preenche a lacuna da frase a seguir corretamente: He will ________ almost everything you ask him.
- 65. UNESP 1993Assinale a alternativa correta. I expect that she __________ arrive at about midnight.
- 66. UNEB 2014Brazil Science Without Borders The Brazilian government’s new Science Without Borders Program will provide scholarships to undergraduate students from Brazil for one year of study at colleges and universities in the United States. Scholarships will be given primarily to students in the Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) fields. Students in the program will return to Brazil to complete their degrees. Undergraduate students from Brazil may apply for the Science Without Borders Program scholarship beginning August 31, 2011. This program, administered by IIE, is part of the Brazilian government’s larger initiative to grant 100,000 scholarships for the best students from Brazil to study abroad at the world’s best universities. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 12 out. 2013. Considering language use in the text, it’s correct to say:
- 67. UEAP 2013Obama Criticizes Congress on Housing Market U.S. President Barack Obama has called out the Congress, especially Republicans, for not acting on proposals aimed at saving homeowners thousands of dollars. During Saturday’s weekly address, Obama said Congress has delayed taking action on a plan he sent them in February that he says would save homeowners $3,000 a year by refinancing their mortgages at a lower interest rate. [...] President Obama and Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney face off Wednesday in the first of three debates ahead of elections on November 6. Voa News, September 29, 2012. (adapted) http://www.voanews.com. Em “U.S. President Barack Obama has called out the Congress” (1º parágrafo), o tempo verbal é
- 68. CEFET-MG 2006Biodiesel and its benefits Biodiesel is a cleaner burning diesel replacement fuel made from natural, renewable sources such as new and used vegetable oils and animal fats. Just like petroleum diesel, biodiesel operates in compression-ignition engines. Blends of up to 20% biodiesel (B20), mixed with petroleum diesel fuels, can be used in nearly all diesel equipment and are compatible with most storage and distribution equipment. These low-level blends (20% and less) generally do not require any engine modifications, however, users should consult their OEM and engine warranty statement. Biodiesel can provide the same payload capacity as diesel. Higher blends, even pure biodiesel, which is called 100% biodiesel, or B100, may be able to be used in some engines built since 1994 with little or no modification. However, engine manufacturers are concerned about the impact of B100 on engine durability. Additionally, B100 is generally not suitable for use in low temperature conditions. Transportation and storage of B100, however, require special management. Using biodiesel in a conventional diesel engine substantially reduces emissions of unburned hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, sulfates, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and particulate matter. These reductions increase as the amount of biodiesel blended into diesel fuel increases. The best emission reductions are seen with B100. The use of biodiesel decreases the solid carbon fraction of particulate matter since the oxygen in biodiesel enables more complete combustion to CO2, and reduces the sulfate fraction, while the soluble, or hydrocarbon, fraction stays the same or increases. Therefore, biodiesel works well with emission control technologies such as diesel oxidation catalysts which reduce the soluble fraction of diesel particulate but not the solid carbon fraction. Emissions of nitrogen oxides increase with the concentration of biodiesel in the fuel and the increase is roughly 2% for B20. Some biodiesel produces more nitrogen oxides than others, and some additives have shown promise in reducing the increases. Biodiesel fuel can be made from new or used vegetable oils and animal fats, which are nontoxic, biodegradable, renewable resources. Fats and oils are chemically reacted with an alcohol (methanol is the usual choice) to produce chemical compounds known as fatty acid methyl esters. Biodiesel is the name given to these esters when they’re intended for use as fuel. Glycerol (used in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics, among other markets) is produced as a coproduct. Biodiesel can be produced by a variety of esterification technologies. The oils and fats are filtered and preprocessed to remove water and contaminants. If free fatty acids are present, they can be removed or transformed into biodiesel using special pretreatment technologies. The pretreated oils and fats are then mixed with an alcohol (usually methanol) and a catalyst (usually sodium hydroxide). The oil molecules (triglycerides) are broken apart and reformed into methylesters and glycerol, which are then separated from each other and purified. Approximately 55% of the biodiesel industry can use any fat or oil feedstock, including recycled cooking grease. The other half of the industry is limited to vegetable oils, the least expensive of which is soy oil. The soy industry has been the driving force behind biodiesel commercialization because of excess production capacity, product surpluses, and declining prices. Similar issues apply to the recycled grease and animal fats industry, even though these feedstocks are less expensive than soy oils. Based on the combined resources of both industries, there is enough feedstock to supply 1.9 billion gallons of biodiesel under policies designed to encourage biodiesel use. This represents roughly 5% of on-road diesel used in the United States. Because little fossil energy is required to move biodiesel, it is a substitute or extender for traditional petroleum diesel, and special pumps or high pressure equipment for fueling are not needed. In addition, it can be used in conventional diesel engines, so special vehicles or engines to run biodiesel do not need to be purchased. Scientists believe carbon dioxide is one of the main greenhouse gases contributing to global warming. Neat biodiesel (100% biodiesel) reduces carbon dioxide emissions by more than 75% over petroleum diesel. Using a blend of 20% biodiesel reduces carbon dioxide emissions by 15%. Biodiesel also produces fewer particulate matter, carbon monoxide, and sulfur dioxide emissions, all air pollutants under the Clean Air Act. Since biodiesel can be used in conventional diesel engines, the renewable fuel can directly replace petroleum products; reducing the country’s dependence on imported oil. Biodiesel offers safety benefits over petroleum diesel because it is much less combustible, with a flash point greater than 150 °C, compared to 77 °C for petroleum diesel. It is safe to handle, store, and transport. FONTE: Disponível em: . Acesso em: 23 mar.2006. (adaptado) Glossário: OEM = montadora surpluses = excessos warranty statement = certificado de garantia All the correlations below between verb and idea are correct according to the text, EXCEPT:
- 69. PUC-PR 2006When Carlos has a headache, he ______ some tea.
- 70. UFRGS 2005Complete the sentence below with the best alternative. In the past, English cavaliers ________ swords while ________ on the left.
- 71. EPCAR 2011When football _____ professional in South Africa in 1959, 12 clubs broke from the amateur ranks. However, in the strict days of Apartheid, these pioneers _____ whites-only organizations and _____ today, all but a few, defunct. One of the survivors is Arcadia from Tshwane/Pretoria, an outfit that today competes in the amateur ranks and concentrates on junior football. Mark the alternative which completes the gaps from the text correctly.
- 72. UFPEL 2008BLOCKING OUT VIOLENCE OR BLOCKING OUT FREEDOM? In many countries around the world, governments __________ television broadcasting. Government officials preside over the industry and control what will be shown to the public. In other countries, this industry __________ freely and independently. Television stations can __________ whatever they want without government interference. For many people, this lack of government interference in the media symbolizes an important freedom: freedom of speech. The V-chip/ratings system __________ important questions related to this freedom. Parents, children, the broadcasting industry, and free-speech groups all have different opinions. Parents, disgusted with television programming, complain that too many shows are trashy and offensive, rather than wholesome and educational. Many feel that a V-chip/ratings system will protect their children from viewing inappropriate programs. Moreover, they are pleased that the government has finally forced the television industry to clean up the airwaves. Many parents do not think that the notion of a government controlled television ratings system is censorship. They mistrust the industry's ability to regulate itself. To them, 1it is like putting the fox in charge of the henhouse. So parents are hopeful. A parent of one child said, "Boy, I hope the new system will take here as well as it did in Canada." However, not everyone sees the ratings system as a panacea, a cure-all for the whole problem of TV violence. Teenagers in particular view the blocked-out shows as forbidden-fruit. The fact that they can't watch a particular show invariably makes them want to watch it even more. Broadcasters feel that the V-chip/ratings systems is only a quick technological fix. They worry that parents who use the V-chip will block out prime-time shows, profitable evening programs which serve as their bread-and-butter programming. Moreover, broadcasters don't trust the public to use the system. Even though parents say they want less sex and violence on TV, shows containing such scenes are often the most popular. Broadcasters think the public is hypocritical and doubt that any electronic blocking device or ratings system will actually be used. Supporters of freedom of speech, or First Amendment rights, are the loudest protesters against the V chip/ratings system. They can't swallow the idea of blocking out certain programs. For them, this system falls under the category of censorship. In the Telecommunications Act, the government ordered the television industry to establish a ratings system. The law also ordered television manufacturers to install blocking devices in all new sets. The FCC (Federal Communications Commission), a government agency, is responsible for approving the implementation of the V-chip/ratings system. It can reject the broadcasters' ratings system and set up its own. Free speech supporters feel that the government has ultimate power and control over what is shown on television. Therefore, they see this power as full-fledged censorship. NORTH STAR ADVANCED (Second edition) - Francis Boyd and Carol Numrich - Longman Press. Assinale a alternativa que apresenta a forma do verbo que completa, correta e respectivamente, as lacunas no primeiro parágrafo do texto.
- 73. UNEMAT 2006WHY IS BRAZIL SO GOOD? Brazil. That single word has come to sum up the very best of football. It stands for artistry, inspiration and genius, for the combination of sublime individual skill and collective fluidity to create a whole that is both beautiful to watch and devastatingly successful. The country has produced 50 years' worth of great players - Garrincha, Pele, Jairzinho, Tostao, Socrates and Zico to name but a few. Having won the World Cup a record five times, not surprisingly Brazil head into the 2006 tournament as the hot favourites to lift the trophy this summer. More than that, though, with outstanding individual talents such as Ronaldo, Ronaldinho and Kaka orchestrating the team, there are also high expectations they will produce moremoments that will live on in football legend. But how does Brazil produce so many great teams and wonderful players? With help from some of the biggest names in the country's football history, BBC Sport finds out what makes Brazil so good. news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/world_cup_2006/teams/brazil/4 751387.stm Assinale a alternativa INCORRETA.
- 74. MACKENZIE 1996Choose the correct alternative to complete the sentence. "Since I haven't got_________, I will_________."
- 75. MACKENZIE 2006INSIDE A MAKEOVER One Company's story illustrates how music-industry giants are retooling in an attempt to survive the digital future. by Karen Lowry Miller The battle for digital control (I) in the movie business, but (II) virtually over in music. The giants are winning. Court rulings have forced free music upstarts like Grokster and Napster out of business, and earlier this month required Kazaa, the producer of file-sharing technology, to introduce filters to prevent piracy. The idea that free music would gut the big record companies seems a distant memory, even though it was still the conventional wisdom just a year ago. "We're finally seeing a raft of new initiatives from really big players", says Eric Nicoli, chairman of one of the big four music companies, the EMI Group. "This stuff is happening all day, every day now". Just consider the last month: Apple and Motorola unveiled a phone that can play music from iTunes, and announced partnerships with big U.S. and British phone companies to develop the mobile music market. In London, two giant retailers, HMV and Virgin, announced digital music ventures, a sign that the online sector is reaching mass-market size. The big labels have arrested a four-year, 25 percent plunge in sales and can now concentrate on exploring new business models to navigate the digital landscape. Nicoli has the buoyant air of a man who has just survived a close scrape with death. In a recent series of interviews, he and other top execs at EMI offered a detailed glimpse at the recent tumult, and where EMI – and their industry – is likely to go from here. (Adapted from Newsweek.) The words and verb forms which properly fill in blanks I and II in the text are:
- 76. IFBA 2016Read the text that follows and answer the question according to it. EU farmers protest The warning from farmers is that Europe 1is drowning in milk. Plummeting milk prices 2have led farmers to protest on the streets of Brussels. Police said that farmers and close to tractors were at the 3demonstration. And the scenes seemed to 4have made a difference. EU Agricultural ministers announced a 500 million euro aid package focused on helping milk producers. Russia is one of the EU’s main agricultural export markets worth some billion 5annually. The Russian ban on imports of EU food products and the deregulation of the market hit dairy farmers this year. Changing dietary habits and slowing demand from China have also affected prices for dairy products. The environment secretary Liz Truss planned to call for the creation of a dairy future’s market, similar to those for grain and 6sugar, 7which the government says will give the UK’s dairy farmers more certainty over future prices. Some 8farmers have called for milk production quotas to be reintroduced to avoid 9them having to sell at a loss. Available at: http://www.newsinlevels.com. Accessed on Sept. 15th, 2015. Adapted. Read the sentences I, II, III and IV. Then, check the correct answer according to the Text. I. “is drowning” (ref. 1) is a future action. II. “have led” (ref. 2) and “have made” (ref. 4) are both actions happening in the present. III. “demonstration” (ref. 3) and “annually” (ref. 5) are words formed with prefixes. IV. “which” (ref. 7) refers to “sugar” (ref. 6) and “them” (ref. 9) refers to “farmers” (ref. 8).
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