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Non-governmental organizations

Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have become increasingly influential in world affairs. They often impact the social economic and political activities of communities and the country as a whole.

Around 25,000 organizations now qualify as NGOs and some of them impact a small region of the world, while others have spread across multiple continents. Scholars now speak of NGOs as “non state actors” (a category that can also include transnational corporations). This term suggests NGOs’ emerging accomplishments in the international policy arena where previously only states played a significant role. Though they still have few powers over international decision-making, they have many funds to their credit: they have successfully promoted environmental agreements, strengthened women’s rights, won important arms control and disarmament measures, improved the rights and wellbeing of children, the disabled, the poor and indigenous people.

They also fight to improve the conditions of animals used for testing. They need healthy relationships with the public to meet their goals as they use sophisticated campaigns to raise influence and employ standard lobbying techniques with governments. Major sources of NGO funding include membership dues, sale of goods and services, grants from international institutions or national governments and private donations. Even if the term “nongovernmental organization’’ implies independence from governments, some NGOs depend on governments for funding.

Monitoring of their expenses is done as funders require reporting and assesment. There are also associations and organizations that research and publish details on their actions.

(From Business Express 2, Richmond Publishing)


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