Are all the ants as heavy as all the humans?
By Hannah Moore
“If we were to weigh all the ants in the world, they would weigh as much as all of the people”, said wildlife presenter Chris Packham recently in BBC Four's The Wonder Of Animals: Ants. But is this statement true?
This claim was originally made by Harvard University professor Edward O. Wilson, and the German biologist Bert Hoelldobler, in their 1994 book Journey To The Ants.
They based their estimate on an earlier one by British entomologist C. B. Williams, who once calculated that the number of insects alive on earth at a given moment was one million trillion.
“If, to take a conservative figure, one percent of this host is ants, their total population is ten thousand trillion”, wrote Wilson and Hoelldobler. “Individual workers weigh on average between 1 to 5 mg, according to the species. When combined, all ants in the world taken together weigh about as much as all human beings”.
Wilson and Hoelldobler’s calculation is based on the idea that the average human weighs a million times more than the average ant. So how well does that stand up to scrutiny? The average adult human weighs 62kg, so that would make the average ant about 60mg.
“There are ants that weigh 60mg, but they’re really the big ants”, says Francis Ratnieks, Professor of Apiculture at the University of Sussex. “The common ants which live in British gardens weigh about 1mg or 2mg”.
(Adapted from: http://www.bbc.com)
After considering the theory of Edward Wilson and Bert Hoelldobler about the weight of ants and humans, Professor Francis Ratnieks