Youth unemployment represents an obvious waste of human capital with long-term negative consequences for the individuals concerned and for those around them. It is often associated with rising crime and the emergence of an underclass with its own subcultures and rules. But, in spite of these widely shared concerns, “it is clear” … “that in all countries, proportionally more young people are without a job today than two decades ago.”
SIQUEIRA, R. Context. Ed. Saraiva. São Paulo, 2000.
According to the text, the emergence of an underclass is provoked by