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- 1. StoodiSubstitua o(s) termo(s) em destaque pelo pronome pessoal adequado: I don’t know Jack and Susan.
- 2. StoodiSubstitua o(s) termo(s) em destaque pelo pronome pessoal adequado: Sharon is one of my best friends.
- 3. EPCAR 2016CYBERBULLYING ON THE RISE Bullying among children and teenagers is not something new but it is getting more and more common by modern methods of communication. Cyberbullying happens when an adolescent is put in danger by another child or teenager by photos or text messages sent to cell phones or posted on social networks. Sometimes cyberbullies send mails with sexual comments or take passwords of other teenagers and log on to websites with false identities. Children also play Internet games and make fun of each other in many ways. A study by a Canadian University shows that 1half of the young people interviewed said that they suffer bullying. 2One of the reasons is the great use of cell phones over the past years. Today’s children are connected with each other electronically. They call friends every time they want or communicate with them on Facebook. 3Cyberbullying is getting extremely popular because teens can stay anonymous. 4Many adolescents act this way because they feel frustrated or angry and want to punish somebody for something that happened to them. 5At other times they do it just for fun or because have nothing else to do. 6Parents usually don’t know their child is a cyberbully. 7They perceive it just when the victim or the victim’s parents contact them. This kind of bullying is not as inoffensive as many people think. In some cases it can lead to suicide. 8Many countries have organized campaigns to inform adults and children of its dangers. 9There are a few ways to prevent cyberbullying. First, it is important to show children that they have to respect others and they are responsible for what they do. For victims it is important not to play the bully’s game or answer their emails and text messages. It is also important to get help from parents and teachers. Often schools get involved. 10They bring together the parents of victims and cyberbullies and talk with them. Cyberbullying does not always end at school. Often, parents go to the police and accuse the bullies. (Adapted from http://www.english-online.at/society/ cyberbullying/cyberbullying-on-the-rise.htm) In the sentence, “Many countries have organized campaigns to make adults and children informed of its dangers.” (reference 8), the underlined expressions can be substituted for
- 4. StoodiSubstitua o(s) termo(s) em destaque pelo pronome pessoal adequado: The teacher was rude to my friend and I.
- 5. StoodiSubstitua o(s) termo(s) em destaque pelo pronome pessoal adequado: Our kids play in the park every morning.
- 6. StoodiQual oração abaixo apresenta erros?
- 7. StoodiSubstitua o(s) termo(s) em destaque pelo pronome pessoal adequado: Our computers are broken.
- 8. StoodiSubstitua o(s) termo(s) em destaque pelo pronome pessoal adequado: I will have dinner with John later.
- 9. StoodiQual oração abaixo apresenta erros?
- 10. StoodiSubstitua o(s) termo(s) em destaque pelo pronome pessoal adequado: My sisters don’t live with my parents and I.
- 11. StoodiQual oração abaixo apresenta erros?
- 12. PUC-MG 2015THE HOUSE MADE FROM 4,000 VIDEO CASSETTES AND TWO TONNES OF JEANS Remember video cassettes, those black boxes that played pictures? Rendered useless by DVDs, they have found a new purpose. Some 4,000 of them have built a house, along with two tonnes of denim jeans, 2,000 used carpet tiles and 20,000 toothbrushes. The result is Britain’s first house made almost entirely from rubbish. Based in Brighton, the house opened its doors last June and is a live research project, acting as a test-bed for new windows, insulation and construction materials. The construction industry currently discards 20% of everything it uses; meaning that for every five houses built enough waste is generated to build one extra house. The aim of the project, led by University of Brighton senior lecturer Duncan Baker-Brown and endorsed by Grand Designs TV show presenter Kevin McCloud, is to show how low-carbon homes can be built cheaply and quickly using waste and surplus material. Local students, apprentices, builders, schoolchildren and volunteers were all involved in building the house using concrete blocks, wood, vinyl banners, pieces of polystyrene and bicycle inner tubes. Its kitchen worktop is made from old coffee cups and grinds, its staircase from compressed thrown away paper and the lights were on board a ship being sent to get scrapped in Bangladesh. As the cost of raw materials continues to rise, the UK’s first A rated energy-efficient building made from waste, may be the first of many. (http://www.theguardian.com. Adaptado. Acesso: 31/01/2015) The word they in “they have found a new purpose” (paragraph 1) refers to
- 13. FGV 2014EUROPEAN UNION ENLARGEMENT 1 Critics who say the European Union has been tipped into inaction by the euro crisis are mistaken. Despite it, policymaking in such areas as competition, energy, the single market and telecoms carries on. And on July 1st the club will admit its 28th member, Croatia. 2 To many this means that the western Balkans must eventually join the club, so membership talks continue with Montenegro and will open next year with Serbia. But further negotiations with Turkey, already almost frozen, have at German insistence been put off until October, because of the Turks' crackdown on protesters. And nobody even raises the possible accession of Moldova, Ukraine or the Caucasus. 3 This is a mistake. Enlargement has been the EU's most successful policy by far. The hope of membership was crucial in fostering and smoothing the transition to democracy, first in Greece, Spain and Portugal and later across large parts of eastern Europe. The lure of joining the rich democrats' club led countries into social and constitutional reform and persuaded them to free statist economies. The results benefited not just new members, but existing ones, too. 4 Those who oppose further enlargement offer several arguments. The EU club is already too large to function well, they say, and is anyway in too big a mess to afford new distractions. Some countries were let in before their institutions were sufficiently developed (Romania and Bulgaria in 2007), or with unresolved territorial disputes (Cyprus, 2004). Hungary (also 2004) has regressed in its democracy. Others, like Turkey, are not really European at all. Public opinion is against more expansion, partly because of rising resistance to large-scale immigration. Potential candidates from the east are too big (Ukraine), too poor (Moldova), too Muslim (Turkey again), too autocratic (Azerbaijan)-or some combination of the above. 5 Yet all these points have answers. Decision-making has not suffered from enlargement: policy squabbles are mostly among older members, not between old and new. Romania and Bulgaria may indeed have joined too soon, but the admission criteria have been toughened since they signed up. Countries with frozen conflicts should be told to resolve them before they join and not after. Hungary is being pressured back into line albeit with difficulty. Turkey was accepted as a European country at least as far back as 1963, when it signed an association agreement. 6 Clearly, people in the EU are worried about immigration. But it will be decades before many of these countries can join, and even then they will have long, potentially unlimited, transition periods before enjoying full free movement of labour. Size, poverty and religion have never stood in the way of membership and should not suddenly become obstacles now. Democracy and the rule of law remain fundamental requirements for the EU-indeed, this is precisely what gives it such powerfull everage over would-be members. Adapted from The Economist, lune 29'h, 2013 ln paragraph 1, "it" in the phrase "Despite it ... " most likely refers to which af the following?
- 14. UEG 2003TEXTO 1 I AM THE PEOPLE, THE MOB I am the people – the mob – the crowd – the mass. Do you know that all the great work of the world is done through me? I am the workingman, the inventor, the maker of the world’s food and clothes. I am the audience that witnesses history. The Napoleons come from me and the Lincolns. They die, and then I send forth more Napoleons and Lincolns. I am the seed ground. I am a prairie that will stand for much plowing. Terrible storms pass over me. I forget. The best of me is sucked out and wasted. I forget. Everything but Death comes to me and makes me work and give up what I have. And I forget. Sometimes I growl, shake myself and spatter a few red drops for history to remember. Then – I forget. When I, the People, learn to remember, when I, the People, use the lessons of yesterday and no longer forget who robbed me last year, who played me for a fool, – then there will be no speaker in all the world say the name: “The People”, with any fleck of a sneer in his voice or any far-off smile of derision. The mob – the crowd – the mass, will arrive then. SANDBURG, Carl. In: Carl Sandburg. BODE, Carl. Highlights of American Literature, 1971, p.35. GLOSSÁRIO Mob: turba, povo Witness: testemunhar Seed: semente Prairie: planície Plowing: aragem Growl: resmungar, grunhir Spatter: respingar Fleck: mancha, nódoa Sneer: ironia, escárnio Derision: zombaria Assinale a alternativa INCORRETA:
- 15. Stoodi 2020It was Tom _______ to help us.
- 16. PUC-MG 2016I Like the Bus (Julie Beck, JULY 24, 2015) As a traveler, my competitive advantage is laziness. I truly do not mind sitting still in one spot for hours with nothing to do but read or listen to music. In fact, those are three of my favorite things — music, reading, sitting. And I cherish when circumstances give me an excuse to spend my time that way, rather than worrying that I could be being more active, or productive. Because I am doing something productive — I’m going somewhere. This sort of me-time can be achieved on many forms of transportation — planes, trains, and automobiles (ones I’m not driving anyway) but the one I most enjoy is the bus. I like the city bus — especially as opposed to the subway, how it takes you through the streets instead of below them — and I like the long-distance bus. The bus to me is a meditative space, a safe place, a bubble out of time and away from life that moves me gently from one place to another. I have to fly to visit my family. The bus is better. It’s cheaper. You can bring liquids. There’s no security. You just get on, and get off. The cost is more one of time (though depending where you’re going, if you factor in the time you spend getting to the airport and going through security, you may end up breaking even). And it’s time, I think, worth spending. The more efficiently we use our time, the more demands are placed on our time. There’s something to be said for a forced slowdown. Going somewhere is an act. And there’s a pace at which I can fully take in the act of going somewhere and it’s not 500 miles per hour. A driving pace seems a good compromise. The scenery might blur around you, but you're still touching the ground. (From: http://www.theatlantic.com. Adapted.) The word it in “it takes you ” (paragraph 2) refers to the
- 17. UFAM 2009The Brazilian government faces criminal charges after a report found that the Amazon rainforest is being deforested three times faster than last year as rising food prices encourages more illegal logging. A study by Brazil's National Institute for Space Research found that destruction of the Amazon had increased 228% in August compared with the same month a year ago. Carlos Minc, the Brazilian environment minister, said the upcoming national elections were partly to blame, with mayors in the Amazon region ignoring illegal loggers in the hope of gaining votes locally. Environmental campaigners blamed the global spike in food prices for pushing soy farmers and cattle ranchers to clear more land for crops and grazing.” The tendency of deforestation rising is deeply related to the fact that food prices are going up," said Paulo Adario, who coordinates Greenpeace's Amazon campaign. "When you have elections, the appetite of authorities to enforce laws is reduced. But the federal government has to step in and do its job. “The steep rise in deforestation is a sharp reversal after three years of decline in the rate of destruction. O pronome “its” refere-se a
- 18. FGV-RJ 2015FIGHTING FAT IN THE DESERT By Rod Nordland Qatari officials have been racking their brains to find a way to address their country’s epidemic of obesity. They have built sports facilities, parks, and a splendid hillside road in the capital, with a seaside promenade and parkour stations; hosted fun runs with hefty cash prizes; set up free body mass index and blood pressure monitoring stations. Anything money can buy to draw their citizens — said to be first-richest in the world and sixth-fattest — out of a sedentary lifestyle, they seem to have bought. The only thing is, even Qatar’s great wealth has not been able to do anything about the weather, and in a country where highs top 40 degrees Celsius (104 Fahrenheit) for a large part of the year, getting anyone to go out and walk, let alone do outdoor sports, is a lost cause. About the only pedestrians in the summer, when temperatures are even higher, are expatriates. Now the sports health authorities have introduced a new program that aims to reach Qataris where they live, or at least where they shop — the climate-controlled shopping mall. Four of the emirate’s major malls are participating in the program, called “Step Into Health: Walk More, Walk the Mall,” posting maps and walking routes, along with information about how many calories could be burned in the process. The malls are also opening their halls two hours before and after shopping hours, for those who want their exercise free of consumerism. “Mall walking is the perfect workout, alongside controlled temperatures; it provides a clean and safe environment to exercise,” a promotional brochure for “Step Into Health” reads. The mall walk program is part of a broader effort to encourage Qataris “to walk 10,000 steps and more a day in a noncompetitive, recreational and social way.” The organizers hasten to reassure people that mall walking need not be strenuous. “Unlike most community exercise programs, Step Into Health is not about working up a sweat,” they say. The walking routes and speeds they have outlined are not likely to do that. Obesity is a touchy subject in the emirate. Data from the International Association for the Study of Obesity shows that Qatar has the highest obesity rates in the Middle East. About 34 percent of Qatar’s men and 45 percent of its women are obese, defined as a body mass index of more than 30. Those figures, however, only begin to tell the tale. They are based on the emirate’s total population of about 1.9 million, but most of those are migrant workers. Qatari citizens number only about 250,000. Since most of the migrant workers are construction and other manual laborers, obesity rates among citizens are likely to be far higher than overall figures suggest. The first mall walk two weeks ago was pronounced a big success by the government-controlled news media, with some 1,000 people showing up to take part — encouraged by handouts of 19 pedometers (free to anyone who registers for Step Into Health), and free raffles of iPhones, laptops and other Qatari-size baubles. After that initial outpouring of interest, however, there was relatively little follow-up — a common phenomenon, as every gym manager knows. Soon after, the participating malls were nearly as empty in those shopping-free hours as ever. Adapted from The International Herald Tribune, Tuesday, July 9, 2013 At the end of paragraph 1, “they,” in the phrase “…they seem to have bought,” most likely refers to
- 19. PUC-MG 2014(...) And as China's economy has expanded, so have people's horizons. China's new middle classes want to see the world. The most popular destinations are in Asia and Europe, Thailand for beaches, France for history and culture, while Britain, which requires a separate visa to the rest of Europe, has been left behind. It received just 200,000 Chinese visitors two years ago, and is now trying to simplify the process so it doesn't miss out on China's new spenders. (FROM: http://www.bbc.co.uk. Acesso: 16/01/2014. Adapted.) The word It in “It received just 200,000 Chinese visitors...” refers to
- 20. UNEMAT 2006WHY IS BRAZIL SO GOOD? Brazil. That single word has come to sum up the very best of football. It stands for artistry, inspiration and genius, for the combination of sublime individual skill and collective fluidity to create a whole that is both beautiful to watch and devastatingly successful. The country has produced 50 years' worth of great players - Garrincha, Pele, Jairzinho, Tostao, Socrates and Zico to name but a few. Having won the World Cup a record five times, not surprisingly Brazil head into the 2006 tournament as the hot favourites to lift the trophy this summer. More than that, though, with outstanding individual talents such as Ronaldo, Ronaldinho and Kaka orchestrating the team, there are also high expectations they will produce moremoments that will live on in football legend. But how does Brazil produce so many great teams and wonderful players? With help from some of the biggest names in the country's football history, BBC Sport finds out what makes Brazil so good. news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/world_cup_2006/teams/brazil/4 751387.stm Assinale a alternativa INCORRETA.
- 21. UNEMAT 2011TEST COULD WARN WOMEN OF EARLY MENOPAUSE Scientists have moved closer to devising a test that could warn women that they are going to undergo an early menopause. The blood test would identify those who are going to go through the menopause before the age of 35, years before it usually happens in a woman's early 50s. That process happens to around one in 20 women and can ruin dreams of motherhood. Scientists report today that they have made considerable progress in understanding the key role played in early menopause by four genes. The test that their findings help pave the way for could be of particular benefit to the growing number of women who put off having children until their 30s but then find that they cannot conceive. Researchers from Exeter University' Peninsula Medical School and the Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) examined the four genes linked to early menopause. They compared 2,000 women who had been through it and 2,000 who had not. […] Fonte: http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2010/oct/18/test-menearly-menopause (Acessado e adaptado em 18/10/10) Assinale a alternativa correta.
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